Whoever closes his eyes to the past is blind to the present.
Richard von Weizsäcker

Since we also employ with DNA analyzes for the purpose of ancestral research since 2017, we would like to present the results here. We publish the paternal and maternal lineage analyzes as well as links to the accessible pedigrees. Who has relevant matches with us is welcome to contact us

Testkits bei Gedmatch genesis (Analysen wurden bei Living DNA und MH gemacht)

Anneliese Richter (mother) - RF9893199 → Living DNA Results


Cordula Sch. - WN3866393 LivingDNA → Living DNA Results und PA5004375 MyHeritage

Wolfram Sch. - XQ8920394 → Living DNA Results

Comparisons are also possible here underFamily Tree or List of Ancestors


visible family trees at Ancestry [free basic membership]

I also did a DNA test at ancestry - family tree Ancestry for viewing

Here are the ancestors me and my ex-husband Mario Müller (family tree of our daughter). Mainly recorded are the direct ancestors and their children as well as some secondary lines. More connections over secondary lines can be found in the large database (approx. 100,000 linked persons)

Complete family tree at Geneanet

Family Tree Schweiker / Eberle (not up to date)

You can see here the direct ancestors of me and my husband Hardy Eberle with children, no further descendants. [Number of persons: 7.337 - Last update from 20/11/2012]


You will also find the DNA data and family tree of Cordula Sch. on

My Heritage → DNA-Matches und → Family Tree [1974 persons] only ancestors, is no longer updated

and FTDNA → DNA-Matches und → Family Tree only ancestors, is no longer updated

A free account is also required for both providers


Source analysis maternal side

Haplogruppe: H1
Subclade: H1a3

Haplogroup H is predominantly European, originating around 16,500 years ago.

Your motherline signature belongs to the H1 group.


H1 is the most commonly found subgroup of H found across Europe today. It is estimated to originate around 16,500 years ago (Hernández, et al., 2017). It is a very large group, and has around 64 subgroups of its own. Although most common in Europe, H1 is far from bounded by this continent. Its is found as far as Africa, Central Asia and Siberia. Populations from southwest France, Sardinia and the Iberian Peninsular showcase the highest levels of H1 within Europe (Eupedia, 2017).

Outside of Europe, Tuareg populations of Libya have a very high frequency of haplogroup H1 (Ottoni et al., 2010). Similarly, the majority of North African H groups belong to the H1 sub lineage (Hernández et al., 2017).

Although not confirmed for certain, it has been suggested that the carriers of haplogroup H were involved in the recolonisation of Europe from the Ice Age refugium locations. Populations potentially carrying haplogroup H1 and H3 could have been involved in the recolonisation of the western and central regions of Europe at the end of the Ice Age. They likely migrated from a refugium between northern Spain and southern France (Hay, 2017).

Who were the people who carried your signature?

It is possible that the early carriers of your motherline were  a part of a very significant migration in our history: the recolonisation of Europe. This event took place at the end of the last ice age. People at this time would have been very hardy nomads, travelling with the melting ice caps and migrating animals. The climate had a snowball effect, first changing the environment which in turn changed where people lived, what they ate and how they hunted. The climate change caused the ice to melt rapidly and as a result the sea levels rose by 52 feet across a 500 year timespan.

A few thousand years after the recolonisation of Europe, farming began to spread across the continent. This change marked the Neolithic Era - a move from hunting and gathering into agriculture and animal domestication. H1 and H3 have both been discovered in the remains of Neolithic farmers from France. Such discoveries were made at the 5,000 year old site in Treilles, France (Hay, 2017). Although most frequently distributed across Europe, your motherline is found in very high frequencies in African Tuareg populations. The northern populations mostly inhabit the desert. Comparatively, the southern Tuareg mainly inhabit the steppe (Encyclopedia Britannica). The traditional skin tent homes are largely being phased out, replaced by an ever growing urban lifestyle.

The maternal family ancestor map shows the areas of the world where we maternally share a genetic ancestry (10 generations).

Source analysis paternal side

Haplogruppe: R-L21
Untergruppe: R-DF13


A fatherline associated with the Atlantic shores of Northern Europe.

Your fatherline signature belongs to the R-L21 group.

R-L21 is a branch of the larger R1b fatherline which was carried by waves of Indo-European expansions, and which is very common throughout Western Europe today as a result (ISOGG 2017). R-L21 is also sometimes referred to as R-S145 or R-M529 (ISOGG 2017); regardless of the terminology, it is perhaps best described as the ‘Atlantic Celtic’ branch of R1b (Hay 2017). It is most common today in the northwest of Europe, especially Britain and Northwest France (Cassidy et al. 2016). It probably reached these regions in the early Bronze Age - analysis of ancient bones found in Ireland and dated to 2000 BC associate the L21 marker with people who have arrived at this time (Cassidy et al. 2016). It is therefore very probable that these people were the ones that introduced bronze working to areas such as Ireland and Scotland (Cassidy et al. 2016).

They are most common in areas of Britain less affected by the Anglo-Saxon migrations - Scotland, Wales, and especially Ireland. The high density of this signature in Brittany may be due to the mass exodus of Britons that occurred around 500 AD as the Anglo-Saxons were invading. Many centuries later, the slave raids of the Vikings may help explain why R-L21 is fairly common today in Iceland and Norway as well (Hay 2017).

Who were the people who carried your signature?

Although the R-L21 fatherline is found today throughout much of Western Europe at low frequencies, it is most common today in Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and Brittany. Collectively, these regions are often associated with a ‘Celtic’ identity that means many different things to different people. Arising out of a blend of romanticism and ethnic nationalism in the 19th Century, this idea of a Celtic identity linked the peoples of these areas back to the pre-Roman inhabitants of Western Europe (Megaw & Megaw 1996). Nevertheless, there was never one unified and shared Celtic culture that united these people together. Instead, they would have each had their own unique cultures and customs, stemming from a common source but differing due to centuries of both isolation and outside influences (Laing 2006).

The identities of the ancient peoples of what is now Scotland, Ireland, and Wales are more complex. Although they are certainly continuations to some degree of the Bronze and Iron Age tribal peoples of Britain, they have never existed in a vacuum. Both the Romans and the Vikings have imparted much to these areas as well, either through direct occupation or more peaceful trade (Laing 2006).


The analyzes are consistent with paper research, e.g. Great Britain does not mean that you have British ancestors.