Whoever closes his eyes to the past is blind to the present.
Richard von Weizsäcker

This website is only partially translated into English. Not all areas have been translated.

Here meet different families

Already  as a teenager the history of our family was exiting for me. Family was lived in my parents' house and so my ancestors up to the great-grandparents were familiar to me. The grandmothers told us stories of their lifes. So it won't took long that I started to search for my ancestrors. Meanwhile I practice genealogical research since 2003 and have collected extensive genealogical data of my descent. In addition I own a large collection of family pictures. Parts of my ancestors lived afar from here where I live and there are some interesting stories of their lifes to be told.

Abstammung · Ancestry · Ascendance - Our Ancestors

Familie Schweiker Familie Richter Familie Eberle

Schweiker - Piel - Harder - Türks - Gaiser - Peters - Solzbacher - Scholtis


A part of the ancestors comes for centuries from Württemberg and the other part branches out to the Rhineland and Mecklenburg.

Richter - Reichl - Sopper - Rudert - Brünler - Hofhans - Benke - Walther


These ancestors came from Saxony and Bohemia, some branches through out over Saxony-Anhalt as far as North Rhine-Westphalia.

Eberle - Fricker - Escheberg - Kurze - Grzeschik - Swientek - Malecha - Plura


The ancestors came from Baden and the Prussian, and in a large part from Upper Silesia.

Dead items - permanent Search:

Birth and origin of Leopold Friedrich Martienssen, born 1751 of Stresau in Prussia, lived until his death in Güstrow.

Parents, origin and exact birth date of Philipp Ploum, born 1727, lived until his death in Herzogenrath, Occupation: Gate Guard.

Ancestral Communitys Schweiker

heuss miniOne Person of Ancestral Community Schweiker is the first German Federal President Theodor Heuss (1884 - 1963). Parts of his ancestors come from Walddorf near Tübingen.



Ancestral Communitys Eberle

benz mini The Eberle family has a genealogical community with the automobile manufacturer Carl Friedrich Benz (1844 - 1929). Parts of his ancestors come from Pfaffenrot.




A few basics
on the

subject genealogy >>


How the ancestors
have lived

German History >>


Why did they leave,
where they are

going to >>


A piece of native soil
of my

forefathers >>

North Bohemia

Home of the mother
in Bohemia

Northern Bohemia >>


about the origin and
spread of the name

Schweiker >>

MhleEven today, road and flames all over Germany point to the mills industry. Since there were several multers among my ancestors mainly in Saxony and Bohemia, I will now describe the mills industry.

While in the villages many of the former mill buildings still exist, they have almost completely disappeared from the old towns. For centuries, mills have been one of the most striking buildings in the settlement area. This was more than just outward. Like no other trade, the mills' craft has influenced the development of the river landscape in addition to its economic importance. Mills and mill piles were built where mills were built, paths and bridges were laid, and other trades were settled.

The milling industry has always had a special place in commercial life. Economically, the cereal and oil or percolating mills until the introduction of the potato at the beginning of the eighteenth century were decisive for the diet of the population.

The mills have always enjoyed increased legal protection as an important aid for food preparation and their location in solitary places, mostly in shrubbery and pasture grounds. The mediaeval pamphlets expressly classify the mills as pacified objects protected against violence ("mills peace") and punish the peace break with heavy punishments.

In the tenth century, the smallholding of the town disappeared, and in its place came the landed property. The mills, serviced by servants, became part of the Fronhöfe of the founders who appropriated the rights to cooperative property, the "Allmende", and they remained until the 12th century. Thereafter, they were lent to annual tenders for tenants, which they operated at their own expense. With the training of the territorial state in the 12th century, there was a state-owned mill, which together with the Mühlenbann created a completely new legal basis for the mills industry until the 19th century. There were two types of mills: the stately ones, which were the property of the landlords, and the private mills of private persons, who were, as a rule, secular and spiritual masters. Private and state-owned mills were usually not run on their own, but either on a lease or in a lease of time. The miller, however, could at any time withdraw from the contract as tenant.

Until the abolition of the grinding force and the introduction of the freedom of trade (in Saxony in 1838 and 1861), the mills industry remained strictly regulated. While the Mühlbann protected the entrance of a mill by forbidding the construction of additional mills in the area concerned, the grinding obligation forced the peasants to have their grain milled in a particular mill. Both regulations were expressed in mill regulations. Since not every village had its own mill, the mill forced the formation of mill roads.

The lethal letter specified the conditions under which a mill was inherited. In addition to the one-time leasing fee, the payment of the annual rent, usually to Martini, to the stately cellar, was calculated from a quantity of grain calculated according to the "Malter" (grain size) for the lease. Depending on the size of the mill, one or two muller pigs as well as geese and eggs were required to pay this fruit lease.

The miller achieved some good income. The fan expressed his expression in frequent godparades and high tax assessments. On the other hand, many mu- sters were dependent on the acquisition of the land (agriculture or fish- ing). Looting and the effects of war, flood and drought, ice and fire, were present to them, like all the contemporaries. Muller's proven reputation was countered by the fact that the profession was considered fraudulent and contentious. Numerous processes, which the muller jointly and more frequently led together, had their cause in the production conditions of the mills. The use of water (water rights) was based on strict observance of the applicable regulations. If a miller piled too much water, the conditions for the mill operation deteriorated.

It was especially in the eighteenth century that the miller applied for the conversion of their natural lease into a money lease. When the mill was not able to grind because of drought or flooding because of flooding or ice, and the grain was scarce because of the miseries or looting of the lonely mills during war time able to refund the rent in kind. The misconduct was that the muller had no right to rent a lease, if they had once been impaired in the use of the mill. The landlord, however, usually left something of the rent, if they were submissive to it and justified the expert opinions which they had brought up, such as the Landeskeller; but that did not change the fact that this was a landlord's act of grace.

The leaseholder had to bear the ongoing maintenance costs for buildings, equipment and waterworks, with the exception of extraordinary repairs, at his own expense. This was fixed in the mills' letters. While the maintenance of the mills' buildings, which were mostly constructed only of wood and loam in half-timbered buildings, did not entail any major costs, the repair and restoration of the mills required considerably higher costs.

The mill buildings had modest dimensions. There was a dwelling-house and a mill-room under a roof that was usually covered with straw. In addition there were the stables for pigs, cows, donkeys and horses. Almost all mulcher operated as an agricultural industry.

Source: partially taken http://www.neue-ufer.de

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Clair Sch.
Author: Clair Sch.Website: http://www.ancestry24.deEmail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Webmaster, Genealoge und Blogger
Ahnenforscherin seit 2003, blogge ich seit 2012 über meine Familie, meine Forschung und die Genealogie. Ich betreibe mehrere Webprojekte, die im Zusammenhang mit Familienforschung und Geschichte stehen.

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Interesting Facts

There were strong emigration movements for economic reasons after the Thirty Years' War. Workmembers from the overpopulated Switzerland (especially from the cantons of Berne, Zurich, Thurgau and from the cantons of St. Gallen) and from Vorarlberg were resident in the destroyed, partly deserted areas of south-west Germany and helped to settle the war-ravaged country again.

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